Gun Safety is very important! Where is the safety on a gun? The picture for this post shows where is the safety on a gun.
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Firearm Safety Class
Table of Contents
What is a firearm?
A firearm is any lethal weapon of any description from which any shot, bullet or other missiles can be discharged.
Firearms do not cause accidents; firearm accidents are almost found to have been as a result of carelessness or ignorance on the part of the user.
When dealing with firearms, it is compulsory to understand the concept of the safety of the weapon that you have come across to be able to use it properly without causing injuries to oneself or the whole group if one is in a company. All firearms have safety information. some are marked externally while others are internal. Since it is very easy to cause accidents, firearm’s safety, are easy to identify before using.
There are universal set rules for safety to ensure no negligence whenever people acquainted with weapons come across any kind of firearm or weapon.
UNIVERSAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
These are ALL the universal safety rules:
- Treat all firearms as though they are loaded.
- Don’t point a firearm at anyone in jest.
- Never take a firearm by its barrel.
- Never leave your firearm unattended.
- Always ensure your firearm is at hand reach.
- Always ensure the safety catch is at letter ‘s’.
- No loading or unloading of firearm inside the armory, office or public place.
- Always keep your firearm in a safe place away from untrained people and children.
- Never point your gun at anything you don’t intend to shoot.
- Never leave your firearm cocked ready to fire.
- Never take alcoholic beverages or drugs before or during shooting or when armed.
- Never be trigger happy.
Of all these rules we have four which are compulsory for safe handling of firearms.
They are usually known as the four universal safety rules:
- Treat all guns as if they are loaded.
- Never point the muzzle at anything you are not willing to shoot.
- Keep your finger off the trigger until your sight is on the target and you are ready to shoot.
- Be sure of your target and what is behind it.
Note: These four must be strictly adhered to.
SAFETY FEATURES OF FIREARMS
Most firearms have safety features to help prevent an accidental or negligent discharge.
Early revolvers did not have any safety mechanism on them, so the hammer rested down on an empty chamber so the handgun could not fire, but modern firearms Have internal safety, either a transfer bar or hammer block, to prevent firing without pulling the trigger.
The most common form of safety is the mechanical switch/lever that can be placed in a safe position to prevent the trigger from firing. These are the oldest form of active safety mechanism and are used widely.
Many semiautomatic pistols do not have external safeties or external hammers. So internal safeties are in place to prevent a non-trigger pull discharge. We have Glock pistols which are equipped with a three-part safety system, which consist of independently operating internal-only mechanical safeties, which consistently disengage when the trigger is pulled and automatically re-engage when the trigger is reset.
Here is the list of common safety features of firearms:
- A grip safety- is a lever on the back of the pistol grip that must be depressed by the shooter’s hand, when naturally crushing the pistol in a firing position, so that the firearm can fire.
- A firing pin block- is a mechanical block used in semiautomatic firearms and some revolvers that, when at rest, obstructs the firing pin from striking the chambered cartridge unless the trigger is pressed, even if the hammer is released due to faulty sear or the pin is dropped or struck by the object.
- A hammer block- similar to a firing pin block, it is a latch/ block, or other obstruction built into action and usually positioned to prevent the hammer from contacting the cartridge primer or firing pin when at rest.
- A drop safety- is a mechanical block that is only removed when the trigger is pressed so that the firearm cannot discharge. These are usually passive safeties designed to reduce the likelihood of a firearm accidentally discharging when dropped or roughly handled.
- A safety notch- is one of the oldest forms of drop safety. It is a relief cut made in the tumbler at the base of the hammer a short distance from the pin or cartridge primer in Halfcocked position. some do not consider it a safety mechanism.
A certain amount of manual familiarity with a gun is required to half-cock it.
If the user is unfamiliar with how to engage half-cock position accidental discharges can happen.
- A magazine disconnect- is an internal mechanism that engages a mechanical safety such as block or trigger disconnect when the magazine is removed so an accidental discharge can be prevented if someone removes the magazine but forgets that a round has been chambered.
- A decocker- allows the hammer to be dropped on a live cartridge without risk of discharging it, usually blocking the Hammer or retracting or covering the firing pin before releasing the sear.
- A loaded chamber indicator- offers a visual warning to the shooter.
The loaded chamber indicator is a safety device present on many pistols to alert an operator that there is a round in the chamber. It is a small button or rod usually located just behind the ejection port on the slide of the gun that pops up to indicate there is around in the chamber.
Remember, all mechanical devices can and do fail. Safeties are mechanical devices. So do not put your life on them or trust them completely. The safety of a gun is your brain, so think and focus on what you are doing.
SAFETY WHEN FIRING FIREARMS
Whenever we are preparing to fire firearms, safety must the topmost concern of every operator involved in the exercise to avoid friendly fire or injuring ourselves.
There are set rules and procedures that must be followed to ensure a successive range of work. while conducting this exercise, wearing shooting protective equipment is a must since the spent rounds are extremely hot and if exposed to the skin, there is the risk of getting burned. Therefore, one should have eye protection and hearing protection. The correct usage of shooting equipment is designed to protect the shooter to combat the potential adverse environment of an active shooting range.
Therefore, we must make sure we put on the following equipment every time we are in the shooting practice area:
- Ballistic Eyeglasses
- Military boots/boots
- Earbuds/headphones designed for shooting
- Safety vests
Loud noises from bullets firing and hot ejected casings bouncing off tables, walls, and stalls drivers are some of the hazards found at a local gun range. The use of shooting protective gear is meant to complement the engineering controls already in place, such as a properly designed ventilation system, concrete walls and floors meeting a minimum thickness, steel dividers between shooters designed to resist sideways bullet penetration, ballistic-resistant glass, doors, ceilings and other construction design elements that are part of the gun range. Shooting protective gear adds one more layer of protection to trainees ensuring a positive shooting practice.
Although rules and regulations state that all shooters must wear protective gear before entering the shooting area, it is the trainee’s ultimate responsibility to follow all range rules concerning the use of protective gear. The protective gear must be worn all the time while at the shooting area because no one can predict what a bullet can hit on its way down. Wearing safety glasses the entire time while shooting is always a very good idea. Wearing safety glasses is especially very important when more shooters are present because more shooters mean there will be more casings and no one wants to experience a hot bullet casing in the eye. Firing guns in a place where sound can reverberate or bounce off walls and other structures can make noises louder and increase the risk of hearing loss. People who don’t wear hearing protection while shooting can suffer severe hearing loss, with as little as one shot if the conditions are right.
In conclusion, gun ranges require all shooting line to wear protective gear, such as, ear protection and eye protection to reduce or eliminate the risk of exposure to loud noise and injuries from hot ejected casings to hurt trainees and operators at any shooting range.